Vintage/Retired GS badges and memorabilia
Long before European explorers and settlers arrived in Georgia, the “First People” had their own nations with their own languages and cultures. Aniyunwiya, (Ah-nee-yoon’–wi-yah) the name the Cherokee use for themselves, means “The Real People.” European settlers called the Muskogee people “Creek” Indians because so many of them lived along rivers and creeks. They originally called themselves Isti or Istichata, but began to use Muskogee soon after the Europeans arrived. (Muskogee comes from Maskoke, which was originally the name of a particular Creek band.) Today, many people use the two words together: Muskogee Creek. For this badge, we will use the name Muskogee. To earn this badge, complete all five steps; do one activity choice under each step.
1. Be a History Detective
3. A Girl’s Life
4. The Trail Where They Cried 5. Pow Wows – and More PURPOSE: When I have earned this badge, I will know more about the lives and contributions of Georgia’s first people, especially the girls and women of the Cherokee and Muskogee Nations.
STEP 1: BE A HISTORY DETECTIVE Discover the story of Georgia’s first people, the ones who lived in the counties that now make up Girl Scouts of Greater Atlanta, Inc.
Find out what it would have been like to live with the Cherokee people before they were forced to leave Georgia. (A book you might like is If You Lived With the Cherokee, by Peter and Connie Roop.) Some of the things you might want to discover include: What part of Georgia did the Cherokee people live in? Was the county you live in part of the Cherokee Nation? What are the names of the seven clans of the Cherokee? How did the clans get their names? Did children belong to their mother’s clan or their father’s clan? What sort of homes did the Cherokee people live in before the Europeans came to Georgia? After the Europeans settled in Georgia? What kind of clothing did the Cherokee people wear before the Europeans settled in Georgia? After? Who was Nanye-Hi (Nancy Ward)? What did she do to become a Beloved Woman of the Cherokee? What were some of the patterns or designs women used in the baskets and pottery they made?
OR… Find out what it would have been like to live with the Muskogee (Creek) people before they were forced to leave Georgia after the Creek Civil War. Some facts you might want to discover include: What part of Georgia did the Muskogee people live in? Was the county you live in now part of the “Creek” Confederacy? The Confederacy was made up of Tribal Towns. What was the difference between a Red Town and a White Town? Who was responsible for governing or leading a town? What are the names of the 14 clans of the Muskogee people? How did clans get their names? Did children belong to their mother’s clan or their father’s clan? What sort of homes did the Muskogee people live in before the Europeans came to Georgia? After the Europeans settled in Georgia? What kind of clothing did the Muskogee people wear before the Europeans settled in Georgia? After the Europeans settled in Georgia?
OR… Learn about the Cherokee inventor Sequoyah and his “talking leaves,” or syllabary - a kind of alphabet he created to write down the spoken Cherokee language – and about the first Cherokee newspaper, The Phoenix. Find out where and in what form The Phoenix exists today. If possible, visit the New Echota State Historic Site near Calhoun. Use displays, posters or skits to share what you learn with others.
STEP 2: SHHH…STORIES. Do you read print books and electronic books? So do Muskogee and Cherokee girls! They also watch stories on TV or at the movies. And, they like listening to stories told by their elders: grandparents, parents, aunts and uncles! These special stories help today’s girls learn about their history and culture. Read or listen to a traditional Cherokee or Muskogee “why” story about an animal. These stories explain why or how something happened, long, long ago, when animals could talk.
OR… Read or listen to a creation story, one that explains how the Muskogee or Cherokee people and their clans came to be.
OR… Read or listen to a Cherokee or Muskogee “star” story, a tale about stars, constellations, or the moon.
STEP 3- A GIRL’S LIFE. In the past, Muskogee and Cherokee girls had more chores and less time to play, just like colonial children did. Before grocery stores, Cherokee and Muskogee girls and women grew and cooked corn, squash, beans, and sunflowers to feed their families (and many still do!) They also gathered wild fruits and nuts, and prepared and cooked deer, turkey, fish, and other wild animals hunted and trapped by men and boys. Girls helped make clothes for their family and helped take care of younger children. But they played, too! Girls had dolls, toys, and games; they ran races, jumped rope, and played ball games with their friends.
Using traditional or modern-day Cherokee or Muscogee recipes, prepare a meal for your family or friends that uses corn, squash and beans. If you are feeling adventurous, cook over an open fire at camp!
OR… Today, Cherokee and Muskogee girls play softball, basketball and soccer; they play board games and online games; and sometimes they play games their great-great-great-great-great-grandmothers played! Learn and play a traditional women’s or girls’ ball game of either the Cherokee or Muscogee people. Is the game is still played today? May boys play this game too? Is there a modern game that is like the traditional ball game you learned? Share either the traditional or modern version of your game with your family, friends, other Girl Scouts.
Or, go online* or go to the library and learn how to make and play a traditional game of chance or a guessing game that was popular with the Muskogee or Cherokee people. Make your own game pieces and play with friends or family.
OR… Because Cherokee and Muskogee women raised corn, there were cornhusks that children could use to make toys. Mothers and big sisters would make cornhusk dolls for little girls, and girls would dig up clay to make little bowls for their dolls; or they might use the clay they dug to make little animals to play with. Ask friends to save cornhusks for you, and when the husks are dry, make a cornhusk doll.
Or, with permission, dig red or gray clay and make little animals such as deer, bears, raccoons and birds. Go online* or ask an art teacher about working with natural clay.
STEP 4 - THE TRAIL WHERE THEY CRIED During the 1800's, the US government created an "Indian Territory" in Oklahoma and sent all the Native American people in the east to live there. Some nations willingly agreed to this plan. Others – including the Muskogee people - didn't want to go, and the American army forced them. The Cherokees were peaceful allies of the Americans, so they asked the Supreme Court for help. The judges decided the Cherokee Indians could stay in their homes. But President Andrew Jackson sent the army to march the Cherokees to Oklahoma anyway. They were only allowed to take what they could carry on their backs, and it was winter time; thousands of Cherokee people died on the trail west. This sad time in American history was called “the Trail of Tears,” a translation from Cherokee, "The Trail Where They Cried" ("Nunna daul Tsuny").
Read, listen to, or watch on video or YouTube* the story of the Trail of Tears. Imagine that you have to leave your home now. Soldiers are waiting to take you away and everything you take with you must fit into a brown paper grocery sack or a day pack (school bag) or back pack. You must take things essential to life - food, clothing and shelter – but only as much as you can carry yourself. Draw a sack or bag and draw the things you would take with you on the journey, or pack a real bag and try to carry it around the room during a meeting or for a morning or afternoon at home.
OR… President Andrew Jackson sent soldiers to make the Cherokee people leave their homes with only the things they could carry on their back. Anyone who resisted was arrested or shot. The 800-mile trip took many months to walk, and the Cherokee people were often cold, hungry and sick. Over 4,000 people died on this Trail of Tears. Find out about the "Trail of Tears National Historic Trail," and the Trail of Tears Association, Georgia Chapter (http://www.gatrailoftears.org/.) Remember and commemorate the survival of the Cherokee people despite their forced removal from their Georgia homelands, by visiting one of the Georgia Trail of Tears sites or Red Clay Historic Park in Tennessee, immediately outside Cohutta, Georgia.
OR… The Cherokee nation was one of the largest bands of Native Americans in the eastern US, and they didn't want to leave their homeland. It was a sacred place to them. The Muskogee people had felt the same way earlier. But some of their leaders thought it was better to move west and start a new life away from the European settlers who wanted their land. They signed an agreement to move without the consent of the rest of the tribe. Visit Indian Springs State Park and find out what happened to Muskogee Chief William McIntosh (and also visit the McIntosh Reserve in Whitesburg, if you can.)
Or, find out what happened to Cherokee Chiefs Major Ridge and John Ross and visit the Chieftains Museum/Major Ridge Home in Rome; if possible, visit the John Ross House in Rossville, and New Echota State Historic Park as well.
STEP 5 - POW WOWS AND MORE! A Pow Wow is a gathering of Native people to bring many nations together in peace and harmony. People get together to show support for one another, to sell traditional wares and foods, and to dance.
With the help of an adult, plan and go on a trip to a Pow-Wow, Native American Festival, or other Native Peoples celebration. Before you go, review Pow-Wow etiquette (found in the Appendix.) Talk about what parts of the Girl Scout Law apply to Pow Wow Etiquette.
OR… Look at the Places to Visit list in this module (or do your own research*) and choose a museum, historic site or council ground that will help you learn more about the Muscogee or Cherokee nations. With the help of an adult, plan and go on a trip to visit to one or more sites.
OR… Can’t get to a Pow Wow, festival or historic site? Use DVDs and YouTube* to get a glimpse of Cherokee and Muscogee music and dance. There are also CDs of both modern and traditional Cherokee and Muscogee flute music, drumming, and singing. Look, listen, and discover what music you like best. Learn a little about the dances you would see at a Pow Wow, such as Veteran’s Dance, Grass Dance, and Jingle Dance. *Before you do online research, always check with an adult. Then go to http://www.girlscouts.org/help/internet_safety_ple... and take the Girl Scout Internet Safety Pledge.
Add the Badge to Your Journey As you work on the “Speak Out” award as part of your aMUSE Leadership Journey, you’ll be exploring stereotypes and how to deal with them. As you learn more about Georgia’s native people, you may discover you – and others – have stereotypical ideas about American Indians: how they look, dress, and act now and in the past. As you learn more, and lose your stereotypes about Georgia’s Native People, remember to keep an open mind about other people who are different from you! Now that I’ve earned this badge, I’m prepared to give service by: o Reading or telling Cherokee or Muskogee stories to younger children. o Helping cook a dish or meal for a soup kitchen or shelter. o Teaching others about the Trail of Tears through a display, poster or activities. What are you inspired to do with your new skills? I’m inspired to: ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Sign here: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………